Family History Notebook

Joseph Swindale

Son of Joseph Swindale and Mary Watsonborn 14th January 1849 in Castleside, County Durham

Married Mary Jane Gregg on the 12th of November 1874 in Bootle Registry Office8


William, born on the 7th of September 1875 at Haverigg 1
Joseph Thomas, born on the 20th of January 1877 at Haverigg 1
Clara Jane, born on the 15th of November 1878 at Haverigg 1
John Stephen, born on the 29th of July 1880 at 5 Main Street, Haverigg, Cumberland
? Mary Jane, born in March 1882 (died in infancy)
Millicent Mary, born on the 10th of April 1883 at Haverigg 1

Married Barbara Ann Newton (née Wood, born c. 1858, Gosforth) in the Baptist Chapel, Abbey Road, Barrow in Furness on the 19th of April 1908


Click on picture for family group

Died on the 23rd of January 1914 in Millom, Cumberland. Buried at St George's Church, Millom on 26th January following a service in the Baptist church. Cortege left 4 Crown Street Millom. ('In loving memory' notice)

PersonID 05602


Joseph was born on 14th January 1849 in Castleside, County Durham where his father was working as an [pump] engine driver and later carpenter. He grew up there with his parents.

Moved from Castleside into 11, Trafalgar Street, Consett by 1871. (His father remarried in 1865 but died in 1869). He then moved across to Haverigg near Millom. (Their youngest brother Thomas had moved there with his married sister Ann around 1869). In 1881 and 1891 Joseph was living at No 5 Main Street, Haverigg, next door to his mother-in-law, above and at the rear of the Cooperative Store


Castleside (NZ077488)(map)

Co-operative Store, Haverigg c19205
Haverigg Coop 1997
May 1997

4 Crown Street, Millom, front 4 Crown street, Millom - rear
4, Crown Street, Millom - front and rear
They moved to No 4 Crown Street in Millom in 1892, opposite the Baptist Chapel, and Joseph helped to install the organ there. Millom Baptist Chapel May 1997
Baptist Chapel



1    Information from Joan Shrewsbury

2    A small black notebook 90mm x 160mm has survived with J. Swindale, 11, Trafalgar Street, Consett written in pencil under one cover and Joseph Swindale, Joiner, Millom written in ink at the other end of the notebook. The book contains various jotting, an expense summary and a few shopping lists - including a wedding ring! Still in Consett in 1871.

3    Mary Jane died in 1903. Joseph Swindale's will was written in 1910 mentioning Barbara.

4    Joan Shrewsbury writes "Joseph, who is my grandfather, married Mary Jane Gregg in November 1874 and they went to live in Haverigg, a little village about a mile outside Millom, and quite near to the mines he worked at as a carpenter. Their children were all born in the house at the sea end of Main Street; it was then a Cooperative Store, and they had all the upstairs and part of the back. Mary Jane was a dressmaker, and her widowed mother, Jane Gregg, lived next door to them; I expect she helped with the children as they grew up there - first there was William born in 1875, then Joseph Thomas in 1877, Clara Jane in 1878, Mary Jane who died soon after she was born, then John Stephen in 1880 and last, my mother, Millicent Mary, on the 10th April 1883.

William became a draper's apprentice, Thomas was a weigher in the mine when he was 14 years old, Clara learned to type and do shorthand, Jack, as John was called, was the only one to go to college (in Chester) and he became a teacher of French in London. My mother was known as Lillie (or King of the Kids, from her fondness for looking after other peoples' babies) and she grew up to be a telegraphist and counter clerk in the Post Office in Millom. They moved to No 4 Crown Street in Millom in 1892, opposite the Baptist Chapel, and Joseph helped to install the organ there; he played for the services for a long time, and when he retired my mother took his place until she married and left the town. It can't have been a very peaceful house, with seven of them in and out, especially as they all played some sort of musical instrument - William the violin, Tom, the cello, Clara, the mandoline, Lillie the piano - I don't know what Jack did, maybe he just sang with them!

Mary Jane died in June 1903 after a long illness, and gradually the family dispersed .... Willie to Nantwich in Cheshire, where he married Henrietta Barnet, and had one son, Joseph Barnet; they had a very good confectioner's shop there, and one in Crewe, too. Tom, after an adventurous career in the army and in America, married and went to South Africa, Clara went to York in Liverpool where she married Edvard Owen Roberts, and Jack taught in London, where he married Mabel Minnie Larkins. Lillie stayed in Millom, working in the Post Office, playing the organ at church, and singing in the Operatic Society and the Choral Union until her marriage to my father in 1914. Her father, Joseph, married again to Barbara ------, and there was some sort of family disagreement about this time, but I don't know what it was about, or even if she lived at home, as she never mentioned her stepmother to me, so I know little of that period. She married my father, John Stephens, in November 1914, the year her father died, and her brothers and sister returned to Millom to attend the wedding, Willie giving her away, and Clara's young daughter, Beryl Millicent, being her flower girl."

5    A note on the back of the photo (probably sent to Lillie) says "Just a glimpse of your birthplace. Mona starting teaching at Drigg with the new year." Mona was Joseph's niece, daughter of Martha Ann (Gregg).

6    A Summary of Hodbarrow Mine at Millom

The Hodbarrow mine at Millom was one of the most successful iron ore mines in Cumberland (now Cumbria) not only for the amount of ore that was excavated but also for the quality of the haematite.

Mining had been tried at Millom before 1855 but with little success. Two men Nathaniel Caine and John Barratt formed the Hodbarrow Mining Company in around 1855. One of the biggest problems at Hodbarrow was due to water and when the old workings collapsed the low lying areas flooded leaving the company with very little choice but to press on and in 1868 extra boreholes were sank and a huge body of Haematite was discovered.

In 1869 work began on shaft No.1, No.2 and No.3 but shaft No.2 had to be abandoned in 1870 due to flooding, so work had to be started on a new shaft No4 which was operational around 1874. The problems with sand & water became worse,  and in 1880 a large embankment was built but this was not as successful as first hoped. The haematite, which came out of Hodbarrow, was some of the best in the area and was very highly valued. A second sea defence was built in the early 1900s to protect the mines and workings from the sea.   This proved very successful and is still in good shape today.

The Hodbarrow mine ceased production in 1967 after 112 years.  In 1968 the iron works closed its doors for the last time.

More information about Millom can be found at

See also Cumbria Industries - Iron Mining and

Cumberland iron (The story of Hodbarrow Mine) : Alan Harris, Bradford Barton, 1970

Information on Hodbarrow Company Housing 1901

Bulmer's History & Directory Of Cumberland, 1901

7    No remarriage nor death found for Joseph's second wife Barbara Ann.

8    4, Crown Street was a 7 roomed house according to the 1911 census. This included the kitchen but excluded any bathroom.


a)    1851 UK census    Living with his parents in Castleside, County Durham.
        1861 UK census    Living with his parents in Castleside, County Durham.
        1871 UK census    Joseph is a joiner boarding in Trafalgar Street Consett, County Durham with Thomas Wilkinson and family. His brother John was boarding nearby at 18 Havelock Street.
        1881 UK census    A carpenter in Main Street, Haverigg, Millom, Cumberland, now married to Mary Jane with 4 children.
        1891 UK census    A joiner at 5, Main Street, Haverigg, Millom with 5 children. Living next to Jane Gregg [his mother-in-law].
        1901 UK census, cont    A joiner at 4 Crown Street Millom with 3 children at home.
        1911 UK census    A retired joiner at 4 Crown Street, remarried, to Barbara A, with his daughter Millicent and step-son John

b)    The birth of Joseph Swindale, mother's maiden name Watson, was registered in the first quarter of 1849 in the Durham district (FreeBMD / GRO 24 76)

        The marriage of Joseph Swindale and Mary Jane Gregg was registered in the fourth quarter of 1874 in the Bootle district (FreeBMD 10 1120)

        The marriage of Joseph Swindale and Barbara Ann Newton was registered in the second quarter of 1908 in the Barrow in Furness district (FreeBMD 8e 1785)

        The death of Mary Jane Swindale aged 49 was registered in the second quarter of 1903 in the Bootle district (FreeBMD 10b 414)

        The death of Joseph Swindale aged 65 was registered in the first quarter of 1914 in the Bootle district (FreeBMD 10b 898)

c)     Transcript of marriage entry in registry at Millom by Joan Shrewsbury

12 November 1874.
Joseph Swindale 25 years Bachelor Joiner Millom s.o Joseph, Joiner
Mary Jane Gregg 20 Spin Dressmkr Haverigg d.o Thomas miner

Solemnized at the Register Office for the District of Bootle.
Married in the Register Office by certificate before me, John Benson, Registrar. Wm Hannah, Deputy Supt Registrar.

Witnesses John Swindale, Sarah Clark.

d)    Memorial inscription at St George's, Millom No 394

"In loving Memory of Joseph Swindale who died January 23rd 1914 aged 65 years and Mary Jane his beloved wife who died June 2nd 1903 aged 49 years The Souls of the Righteous are in the Hand of God, They are at Peace"

Approximate location of grave.